Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Information Privacy And The Protection Of Information

Introduction According to (Whitman Mattord 2014) Information Security can be defined as the protection of information and its characteristics which are confidentiality, integrity and availability, and all the systems and hardware that use, store and transmit information. Information systems and the information thereof are protected from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification or destruction (Andress 2014) and this can be achieved through the application of policy, training and awareness. Information privacy otherwise known as data privacy or data protection deals with the collection, use and disclosure of personal information (Solove et al. 2006). And from a medical perspective, (Security 2009) clearly defines information privacy as â€Å"a person’s right to keep his/her health information from been disclosed without authorization†. This definition can also be applicable to any organization that deals with personal information. To ensure that organizations are privacy compliant, principles such as the Information Privacy Principles (IPP) coiled from the Information Privacy Act 2009 place strict obligation on organizations on the collection, storage, usage and disclosure of personal information. Under these principles, in collecting personal information, an agency must only by lawful means and directly from an individual request only the personal information for purposes directly related to the function of that agency. 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